The Biology of the Earth's Magnetic Field


  • Muhammad Khalid Department of Genetics, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Khurram Department of Molecular Biology, Government College University, Lahore, Pakistan


Earth's Magnetic Field, Magnetic Sensing, Biological Effects, Navigation, Animal Behavior, Magnetoreception, Evolution, Ecology, Medicine


The Earth's magnetic field has long been a subject of scientific fascination, primarily for its role in navigation and geophysical processes. However, recent research has illuminated its profound influence on biological organisms. This paper explores the multifaceted relationship between Earth's magnetic field and various life forms, from bacteria to mammals. We investigate the mechanisms by which organisms detect and respond to geomagnetic cues, the evolutionary implications of magnetic sensing, and the potential applications of this knowledge in fields such as ecology, animal behavior, and medicine.