The Neurobiology of Social Cognition


  • Anam Atiq Institute of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Iffat Batool Institute of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan


social cognition, neurobiology, brain networks, face processing, emotion recognition, theory of mind, neurodevelopmental disorders, psychiatric disorders


Social cognition is the ability to process and understand social information, including the thoughts, feelings, and intentions of others. It is essential for successful social interaction and navigation of the world around us. The neurobiology of social cognition is a rapidly growing field of research that seeks to understand the neural mechanisms underlying our social abilities. Research on the neurobiology of social cognition has important implications for our understanding of a wide range of social and psychological phenomena, including empathy, altruism, aggression, and cooperation. It also has implications for the diagnosis and treatment of a number of psychiatric disorders, such as schizophrenia, autism spectrum disorder, and social anxiety disorder. The amygdala is a key brain region involved in the processing of emotions, particularly fear and anger. It is also involved in the detection of social threats and rewards. The fusiform face area is a specialized brain region for the processing of faces. It allows us to recognize and identify faces, even when they are presented from different angles or under different lighting conditions. The superior temporal sulcus is a brain region that is involved in the processing of auditory and visual information, including speech and facial expressions. It is also involved in theory of mind, which is the ability to understand the thoughts and beliefs of others.