Discourse Analysis of Religious Sermons in Urdu


  • Chaudhry Muhammad Irfan National University of Sciences and Technology, Islamabad
  • Abdul Rehman National University of Sciences and Technology, Islamabad


Discourse analysis, religious sermons, Urdu, rhetoric, religious communication


Discourse analysis is a powerful linguistic approach used to explore the structure, content, and communicative patterns within various forms of spoken or written language. This article presents a comprehensive discourse analysis of religious sermons delivered in Urdu, a prominent South Asian language widely spoken among Muslim communities. The study aims to understand the underlying rhetorical strategies, linguistic features, and thematic elements employed by religious speakers in their sermons to convey spiritual messages and influence their audiences. By examining a corpus of religious sermons in Urdu, this research sheds light on the intricate interplay between language, culture, and religious expression, providing valuable insights into the persuasive techniques and discourse dynamics that shape religious communication.The discourse analysis framework applied in this study encompasses a multi-dimensional analysis, incorporating both macro-level and micro-level linguistic analyses. At the macro-level, the overarching discourse structure, organizational patterns, and rhetorical devices used in the sermons are explored. This includes identifying common themes, sermon introductions, transitional markers, and concluding remarks, uncovering the persuasive strategies employed to engage and retain the audience's attention.At the micro-level, a close examination of language features, discourse markers, and syntactic structures within the sermons is conducted to discern the stylistic elements that contribute to effective religious communication. The analysis further investigates the use of figurative language, rhetorical questions, and emotive expressions to evoke emotional responses and foster a sense of spiritual connection with the listeners.The findings of this discourse analysis reveal the thematic diversity within religious sermons in Urdu, reflecting the multifaceted nature of religious beliefs and practices. The linguistic analysis uncovers the influence of cultural norms and linguistic conventions on the construction of religious discourse in Urdu, underscoring the importance of context in shaping the meaning and impact of sermons.The implications of this research extend beyond linguistics and religious studies, providing valuable knowledge for intercultural communication and language education. Understanding the discourse strategies employed in religious sermons can foster cross-cultural understanding and promote effective communication in diverse settings. Furthermore, this study contributes to the growing body of research on discourse analysis in underrepresented languages, highlighting the richness and complexity of religious communication in Urdu. Overall, the discourse analysis of religious sermons in Urdu offers a comprehensive exploration of the linguistic and cultural dimensions of religious discourse, opening avenues for further research in language studies, theology, and sociolinguistics.